1770 – Some frescoes of Chilandariou (day two, second intermezzo)

4072 chilandariou athosIn the outer ring of the courtyard we found a covered space with old murals. Frescoes that are in a bad condition. 4073 chilandariou athosThe heads and especially the eyes of the saints are badly damaged. Sometimes the heads and eyes of the saints are much more damaged than the surrounding scenes. There are several more places on Athos where you can find damaged frescoes. As if iconoclasts expressed their anger. Or maybe a confused person who was horrified by the faces of the saints.4074 athos hilanderThis saints mantle has almost vanished into thin air. The copper bell hangs quietly from the ceiling. How different it must have been when that blistering, devastating fire started.4078 hilander athosTwo demons from hell come out of a whales’ mouth. One is shooting with his bow and arrow.

The Serbian monastery of Chilandariou was founded is 1198. According to Graham Speake it housed ninety monks in 1204. In the fourteenth century it had become a state within a state. With many possessions, dependencies and villages over which it ruled. In the fifteenth century it grew even bigger to 600 villages and 180.000 vineyards. Even today Chilandariou holds 20% of the land on Athos.

The katholikon is rebuild by the Serbian king Milutin in the 13th century, a century after the foundation. He also constructed the large tower, in the heyday of Serbian power, when the Serbs ruled Athos. Chilanariou has an association with fire. There was a disastrous fire in 1722. And another one in 1924. And more recently a disastrous fire in 2004.4079 athos frescoAt first you think it must be Saint George, slaying the dragon. But on the ground is not a dragon but a human being. He is hit in his heart. Blood is squirting out of him. The clothes and helmet look very Roman.4082 athos chilandariou frescoA peaceful corner of the monastery with scattered leaves laurel leaves on the bench.4083 athos hilanderThree saints holding boats made from a cloth with many people in them. “Boat refugees”, one of the pilgrims remarked. Indeed, a new perspective when you look at it with a contemporary eye. But the need to be saved is a common line from every perspective.

This will be my last contribution in 2015. Next year we will continue our journey.

Photos and text

Bas Kamps

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3 Responses to 1770 – Some frescoes of Chilandariou (day two, second intermezzo)

  1. athosweblog says:

    As for the last picture: Bertinos helped us with some more information in 2012. “The three old men are indeed the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, with the souls of the righteous in their bosom (see Luke 16:22 e.a.), an image that you might know from the negro spiritual “Rock My Soul In The Bosom of Abraham” or even “Elvis Presley”. The clothes which patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob hold, with the righteous souls in them, do not represent boats (also see post 1275: http://www.athosweblog.com/2012/02/25/1275-koutloumousiou-some-frescos-from-the-exonarthex/), although I appreciate your comparison with the needs of this year boat refugees.

    Wim Voogd

  2. Dimitrios says:

    As for the man-made damage on the faces of saints, it is something that can be found all over Greece and is usually the result of vandalism caused either by the Ottoman Turks (because the depiction of faces is forbidden in Islam), or by communist rebels in the short civil war that took place in Greece after WW2.

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