1407 – Panteleimonos: more about the unknown church ‘U’

In post 923 I showed you some pictures of the ruined buildings that can be found behind the Panteleimonos monastery. One of these buildings, a church, was kept well and it looked recently renovated, but I had no futher information about it. Here you see it in the top-right corner.feigl plattegrond

One of our readers, Hans Overduin from Holland, visited Athos a couple of times and last year, when he came to the same spot and saw the same church, he wondered what church it was and he tried to find out more about it.

Feigl luchtfotoFeigl: a areal of Panteleimonos, with the chruch ‘U’ in the right/top corner.

This is what Hans shares with us: First of all he bought a book in Russian in the (large!) shop in Panteleimonos about the monastery with a map in it, where the church was shown.

Together with information from the book from Sotiris Kadas and standard works of Mylonas (and the help of Russian speaking teacher at his sons school), he could determine that the church was build in 1898 and that it was dedicated to the ‘Four Hierarchs of Moscow’. It was renovated a decade ago.

19 Panteleimonos 3 omgeving aMylonas shows us a date: 1898, and you see these Greek letters:

ψ = Serafim, the ossuary

χ = Chapel (?) of the Holy Archangles

φ = the church of the ‘Four Hierarchs of Moscow’

According to Mylonas there must be a another chapel in the church and also an ossuary.

IMG_3125 Roussikon Church UThe “Four Hierarchs of Moscow”- Church near Panteleimonos – picture from 2009 by Wim

Kerk_U_1994_bThe greene dome of the “Four Hierarchs of Moscow”-church on the right and the Panteleimonos clock tower in the background – 1994 by Hans Overduin

The four Hierarch of Moscow are: Petros (14th century), patron of Moskow and Alexios (14th century), also patron and thaumaturgist (miracle-worker), Ionas (15th century), a Saint and defender of Orthodoxy and Philippos (II) (16th century, Saint and marter.

In 1913 and 2005 eight metropolitans were added to list, but at that time the church was already build (1898) and the name of the church did not change. The celebration day is the fifth of October.

“By celebrating these hierarchs on a common day, the Church offers each of them equal honor, as heavenly protectors of the city of Moscow and prayerful intercessors for Russia”, thus the English Wikipedia.

The naming of the church fits perfect in the triumphalism and nationalism of the Russians on Athos the end of the 19th century.

Panteleimon_Athos_plattegrond_2004_kerk_boven

Why the church was built is actually not (yet) known to us. One argument could be the vast numbers of Russian pilgrims that visited Athos that time.

It is not a coincidence that the largest church on the Balkan at the Serail was build in 1900 and that  in close vicinity of those two churches a church was build in the Paleo Monasterio, presumably in the same period.

Panteleimon_oude_kleurenanzicht_met_U-kerk_BEW

19 Panteleinomos 1919 Postcard1919

Who will be the first to show us pictures from the interior?

Kerk_U_1994_a1994 – by Hans Overduin

By coincidance the Patriarch of Moskow, Kirill, is visiting Greece this very moment. He also will visit Mount Athos. He quoted that the Russians do not have the intention to expant their influence on Athos, but he did plee to the Patriarch of Constantinopel Bartholomeus, who has jurisdiction over Athos, to allow more Russian monks to go to Athos.

Schermafbeelding 2013-06-02 om 10.13.232009- picture by Herman

Wim Voogd, thanks to Hans Overduin, 1/6

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2 Responses to 1407 – Panteleimonos: more about the unknown church ‘U’

  1. Vasílis says:

    The Patriarch of Moskow Kirill will start his visit to Mount Athos Tuesday morning, 4th of June, and he is intended to stay three days. He will visit Kariés, I.M. Panteleímonos, I.Sk Agíou Andréa and he will probably meet f. Efrém from I.M. Vatopedíou.

    • Vasílis says:

      Moreover, today His Excellency visited I.Μ. Megístis Lávras, I.M. Ivíron, I.M. Pantokrátoros and I.Sk. Vogoróditsas.

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