1399 – Books: Mönchsland Athos – 1942

During World War II the Nazies occupied Greece and Mount Athos, as mentioned before in this weblog (see categories “war“). It also gave Germans scholars the opportunity to do scientific investigations: the Byzantologist prof dr  Dölger visited Athos in 1942 with a team. He published his expedition to Athos, together with many black and white pictures,  in his book “Mönchsland Athos”, with the help of prof dr E. Weigand from Prag and A. Deindle from Berlin (see post 599).

Here are some more the pictures he published:

Dinner for workmenDinner for laymen

DinnerDinner for monks

Karyes 1Karyes

Karyes 2Karyes, main street

Karyes marketplace Karyes, mules gathering near the Protaton

Karyes the photograferKaryes, the photographer

Karyes shop Shop in Karyes

Karyes taylorTaylor in Karyes

LaymenMonk and worker

Monk and ladder                four monks               Monk and well

Monk praying                                                     Novice

PanteleimonPanteleimonos in its full glory

ZwerverA ‘siromahki – kissed by God’ (see 559)

Wim, 23/5

This entry was posted in books, Karyes and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to 1399 – Books: Mönchsland Athos – 1942

  1. Hans Overduin. says:

    Please find below a slightly improved and extended version of my former commend on post 1399, so please ignore the other one.

    As far as I know the expedtion of Franz Dölger (1891-1968), ‘Professor für Byzantinistik an der Universität München’, cum suis, of 1941 to the Holy Mountain was a strict scientific expedition, however it was executed under the authority of the creepy ‘Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg’ (ERR), a NSDAP pirate organisation for looting cultural treasures from the occupied territories. The expedition was under the supervision of the also creepy Lt Herrmann von Ingram, head of the ERR ‘Hauptabteilung III – Sonderaufgaben’ and the ‘Hauptabteilung IIIa – Organisation der Sicherstellung von jüdischem Besitz’ (sic!). The main object of the expedition was the study of ‘Urkunden’ (the specialty of Dölger) on Athos. However, the documents in question were photographed, not looted. The relationship between the members of the expedition and the monks was quite well.
    By the way, the ERR had nothing to do with the pseudo-scientific ‘Studiengesellschaft für Geistesurgeschichte’, later on better know as the SS-organisation ‘Forschungsgemeinschaft Deutsches Ahnenerbe e.V.’, the personal playground of Heinrich Himmler.

    In the introduction of the book Mönchsland Athos one can read: ‘Die fachwissenschaftliche Auswertung des neugewonnenen Urkundenmaterials wird in einem besonderen ausfürlichen Bericht des ERR durch F. Dölger erfolgen. Die vorliegende Veröffentlichung [Mönchsland Athos – HO] hat zunächts den Zweck, einem weiteren Kreise in Bild und Wort eine Vorstellung von der eigenartigen Welt des Athos zu vermitteln’. Concerning the ‘besonderen ausfürlichen Bericht’, indeed, in 1948 Dölger published ‘Aus den Schatzkammern des Heiligen Berges, 115 Urkunden und 50 Urkundensiegel aus 10 Jahrhunderten’ (Im Auftrage und mit Unterstützung der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften), a 363 pages book with a portfolio of 128 plates and facsims. Also, in 1949 Dölger published ‘Sechs byzantinische Praktika des 14. Jahrhunderts für das Athoskloster Iberon’.

    But what was the relationship between Dölger and the nazi regime ? Well, because Dölger after te war received honorary doctorates from the universities of Athens, Thessaloniki and Sofia and in 1962 was awarded the Order Pour le Mérite, I don’t think Dölger was an (explicit) nazi. I think he just took his chanche in 1941.

    A copy of Mönchsland Athos is in the collection of the Royal Library at The Hague, where I did lend it about 20 years ago. Now and then you can find a copy for sale of this interesting book on eBay.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s